The Minnesota Legislature wrapped up its work at about 11:50 p.m. last Sunday before a 12:00 deadline. While the session was marked by a lack of progress in many areas, it concluded favorably on a number of issues affecting energy consumers.
Here’s a report on the outcome of CUB’s legislative priorities this year, as well as energy provisions that were contained in the vetoed omnibus supplemental budget bill.
Xcel nuclear plant spending (SF 3504)
Did not pass
This bill would have created a special process, making it easier for Xcel Energy to charge customers for spending on its nuclear power plants.
As originally introduced, the bill would have allowed Xcel to charge customers for whatever the utility proposed as “expected costs,” including profit, with no ability for the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to oversee that spending.
While the bill was amended significantly throughout the legislative session, strengthening that PUC’s oversight role, the final version still had the effect of transferring financial risks from Xcel and its shareholders to captive customers. (For more information, see a May 18 letter to the House author from CUB, AARP, and MN Citizens Federation NE.) CUB was among groups seeking a compromise that would have included benefits for the public interest, but in the end, no compromise was reached.
Facing opposition from consumer groups, businesses, large industrial energy users, and environmental groups, the bill did not receive its scheduled vote in the House on the final day of session.
Residential PACE financing (SF 3245)
Passed and signed into law
This bill reauthorizes residential Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing with strong consumer protections. Entities may now launch residential PACE programs, offering energy improvement loans to homeowners through liens on their homes. The bill was brought by members of a a task force appointed by the legislature in 2017 to examine how to allow for residential PACE with adequate protections for participating consumers. CUB participated in that task force and supported this bill.
Cuts to utility conservation programs (HF 3794 and HF 4340)
Did not pass
Two bills in the House would have reduced the number of utilities and large energy customers required to participate in the Conservation Improvement Program (CIP). Under CIP, utilities provide rebates on energy-efficient appliances and deals on home energy audits to help their customers reduce energy waste.
CUB joined the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce, Center for Energy and Environment, Clean Energy Economy Minnesota and various trade groups in a letter opposing these bills and defending CIP, which has saved Minnesota energy consumers an estimated $3.5 billion since 2007. CUB is participating in a study led by Center for Energy and Environment that is examining the potential for cost-effective energy efficiency in Minnesota and will inform CIP’s future.
These bills did not receive a hearing.
Clean Energy First (SF 3716)
Did not pass
The Clean Energy First Act, introduced in the Senate, would have required public utilities to analyze if they can meets their electricity needs reliably and cost-effectively with clean energy resources before getting approval to build any new fossil fuel power plant. The bill would also have required utilities to plan to ease the transition for workers and communities impacted by coming power plant retirements. CUB supported this as a common-sense way to maximize carbon-free energy without any additional risk to the electric system or consumers.
The bill did not receive a hearing.
Omnibus bill provisions (SF 3656)
In addition, the Legislature passed a nearly 1,000-page omnibus supplemental budget bill, containing provisions related to all areas of state spending and policy. On energy, the bill would have:
- Reduced contributions to Xcel’s Renewable Development Account (RDA) to $23 million in 2019, declining to $20 million per year in 2022 and thereafter. The RDA provides grants to renewable energy projects, and it is funded by a charge to Xcel ratepayers based on the number of casks of spent nuclear fuel stored in the state.
- Granted $40 million from the RDA to the Prairie Island Indian Community for a net-zero energy project.
- Allocated $40 million from the RDA to compensate businesses harmed by the closure of biomass power plants by a 2017 legislative action.
- Increased the size limit from 20 to 40 kW for solar energy systems to qualify for Xcel’s solar energy incentive program and to qualify towards the requirement that at least 0.15% of Xcel’s energy come from small solar systems by 2020.
- Allowed public utilities to propose energy storage pilot projects, required public utilities to assess energy storage opportunities in their integrated resource plans, and hired an independent consultant to analyze the costs and benefits of energy storage systems in Minnesota.
- Allowed utilities to earn a rate of return on employee pension expenses.
- Removed “financing” from the list of items that Xcel’s PUC-approved community solar program must allow for.
The omnibus bill was vetoed by Governor Dayton, and the above provisions will not move forward.
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