As readers of this blog know, last year, I represented CUB on a state task force to identify consumer protections that would be needed to allow Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing for Minnesota homeowners. PACE allows property owners to make energy improvements by taking out loans that they then repay through their property taxes.
CUB consults with a lot of Minnesotans who are interested in making their homes more energy efficient and/or getting renewable energy. We strongly support options to help consumers save money and reduce their energy emissions.
However, significant consumer concerns led us to support a bill last year that put a hold on the authority for companies to offer residential PACE. The bill initiated a task force to look into what consumer protections should be included in the program.
- Require residential PACE loans to be based on what a homeowner can afford.
- Give the Minnesota Department of Commerce authority to oversee residential PACE lending.
- Require clear disclosures to consumers about what they are signing up for.
- Provide that a third party without a financial stake in the loan (the Minnesota Department of Commerce) will determine which energy improvements are eligible for residential PACE financing.
- Require PACE lenders to make consumers aware of public options they qualify for that might be less expensive, such as weatherization, energy assistance, and financing programs through the State of Minnesota.
- Make the PACE lien subordinate to an existing mortgage and all existing liens on a property at the time of sale. This is required by the federal agencies Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and FHA, which back the vast majority of mortgages in the US. Making PACE liens superior to mortgages, as is being done in California and a couple of other states, violates the requirements of these federal agencies. If a homeowner has a PACE lien that is superior to their mortgage, they will most likely be required to pay off the loan before they can refinance or sell their home.
Not all task force members agree with the introduced bill. At the conclusion of the task force, there was not total agreement on the best package of policies to enable residential PACE financing without undue financial risk for consumers.
CUB believes that this bill appropriately balances those interests, and the bill is being championed by task force members the Legal Services Advocacy Project; the state associations of bankers, credit unions, and Realtors; and Center for Energy and Environment.
Other task force members including Lender Renovate America, Clean Energy Economy Minnesota, the MN Solar Energy Industries Association, and other groups prefer a number of changes, including allowing the PACE lien to be superior to the mortgage.
CUB submitted a letter to Senator Pratt, Representative O’Driscoll, and the members of the Senate and House energy committees in support of this bill. View the letter here.